Tuesday, November 29, 2011

Benjamin Franklin




Benjamin Franklin
                                                                  By Laura Ashley Childress
On January 17, 1706 on Milk Street in Boston, a baby boy was born. His name? Benjamin Franklin. Only he wasn’t famous then. He was just Ben. Ben was the youngest boy of seventeen children, and he was always getting into mischief.  Ben went to school until he was 10. After school, he often went fishing with friends. The boys didn’t like how muddy it was around the pond, so Ben suggested they take some workmen’s stones from a nearby building site. The boys built a wharf under Ben’s direction, even though several boys mentioned that they shouldn’t.
Then they all had a great time fishing from their new wharf. The next day, some angry workmen came to see Ben’s father, a candle maker, about Ben and his friends. Quickly and angrily they explained about the theft of their stones, and then they all turned to Ben. Ben said to his father, “You always tell me to do useful things. The wharf was useful!” his father replied “It’s true, Ben, that usefulness is good… Nothing is truly useful that isn’t honest. But the stones didn’t belong to you. Nothing is useful if it is not honest.” Ben and his friends had to but all the stones back!

When Ben was 12, he decided he wanted to be a printer so he was apprenticed to his older brother James, who was a printer. James and Ben didn’t get along, and Ben thought he could write better than James did. So he wrote several funny letters to James’ paper and signed them “Silence Dogood”. James thought they were witty and clever so he published them. Ben finally told James he wrote them and James was very mad. He and Ben argued all the time, so Ben ran away when he was 17. He went to a print shop in New York, hoping to find work, but the kind elderly man who owned the shop had no work for Ben. He told Ben to see his son in Philadelphia, who also was a printer. The son couldn’t give Ben a job, but he found him a job at a local printer’s and let Ben board with him.  It was there that Ben met Deborah (Debby) Read, who he would later marry. Later Ben opened his own printing shop/ store.
By the time he was 25, he was married to Debby, had a son, and ran a printing shop. He also published a newspaper, and Debby ran a store next to the printing shop. When he was 26, he published Poor Richard’s Almanac under the pen name Richard Saunders. It was full of facts, funny sayings, recipes, and more.

Eventually Ben and Debby had 3 children, William, Sarah (she was called Sally) and Francis (who died when he was 4).When Ben was 42, he decided to stop working. This gave him time to work on experiments, especially the study of lightning. When Ben’s son Will was 21, he and his father went into a pasture and conducted their famous kite-and lightning experiment. Ben invented many things, such as bifocals, the Franklin stove,
a glass armonica, the lightning rod, and an odometer.

Later George Washington sent him to France to ask for financial aid for America in the Revolutionary War. The French hailed Ben as “the man who tore the lightning from the sky.” The ragged old fur hat that he wore was called “charming”, and women styled their hair like it! Everyone in France loved Ben, and this helped him get millions of francs from the King of France. Ben played a crucial part in the War, and he was proud of this. He was the oldest man to help write the Constitution, and he helped with the writing of the Declaration of Independence. One of the last experiments was to help a friend hear better. He discovered if you pushed on your ear, you could hear much better than if you hadn’t. Ben died on April 17, 1790, in Philadelphia. You can still go to Franklin Court in Philadelphia, and see museums, Franklin’s home site, and many other things related to Ben.

My Report on Thanksgiving

This book was helpful!

Here's a good link : Click  here for a video on Plimouth Plantation. (P.S. It's spelled Plimouth because that's the way Pilgrims spelled it)

We've been studying Thanksgiving (a little late because I've been at my grandparent's!) and here is my report on it:

        England in the 1600's was a time of fighting for religious freedoms and power. The King wanted everyone to attend his church. The Separatists was one of the groups that refused. They filled two ships, the Mayflower and the Speedwell with 102 people. The group sailed from Southampton, England, but had to turn back twice because the Speedwell was leaking. Finally, on September 6,1620, the Mayflower sailed alone from Plymouth, England. All 102 people were crammed on board. How did they pay for the ship? The London Company would pay for passage and supplies if, once in the New World, the group would send fish, furs, and lumber back to them for 7 years!Only 44 of the 102 passengers on board were Separatists. The others, some sent by the London Company, were called "Strangers" by the Separatists.

    There were plenty of problems on board the ship. The quarters were damp and smelly.They were also too crowded. The sailors hated the Separatist's daily Psalm-singing and loud praying. The Separatists and the "Strangers" hated the crew's cursing.Seasickness, scurvy, and lice were a constant problem. A doctor's assistant died and was buried at sea. Storms came and one cracked the ship's main beam. Eventually it was repaired with an iron screw. A man fell over board, but he managed to grab a rope and was pulled to safety.

Some good things happened; a baby was born and named Oceanus. For the weary group, the best time of all came on November 11, 1620, when a lookout cried "Land ho!"They had been on board for 66 days! Since they'd landed so far from their original destination(they were in what is now Massachusetts but they were heading to Virginia) the Strangers suggested not keeping their agreement with the London Company. "Besides", they argued, :"it's winter!" The two groups finally decided to work together and keep their agreement to the London Company.This agreement was called the Mayflower Compact. After this, they were all known as the Pilgrims. They spent their first winter on the Mayflower. It was long and hard. Many people died and were buried in the night so  the "savages" wouldn't notice their dwindling numbers.
 
In the spring the Pilgrims worked on houses. They were astounded when a tall "savage" walked into town and said,"Hello, Englishmen!"His name was Samoset. Soon Samoset brought his friend  Squanto, who could speak fluent English, and Massasoit, a chief. Squanto explained he'd learned English after being kidnapped by white men. He eventually returned home -to find his whole village wiped out by the plague.
 Travelling north, he met Samoset and Massasoit's tribe and joined them. Samoset had been taught a little English by fishermen. Squanto taught the Pilgrims how to grow crops, how to fish, hunt, and catch clams and eels. Thanks to him, they had a wonderful harvest. So the Pilgrims told him to bring Samoset and Massasoit, plus a few friends.

  They had made a peace treaty a few months earlier, so the Pilgrims tried to act friendly to all 90  men that came!The Native Americans brought 5 deer to the feast. The thanksgiving feast lasted for 3 days. The men had shooting matches and children played ball games.A peace had been established that would last for 50 years. A little later a ship arrived bringing farm animals and more settlers. The Pilgrims were here to stay! They are now well-known for establishing the first Thanksgiving in the New World ( America).  So, next Thanksgiving, when you eat turkey, pumpkin pie, and watch parades and football games,think of the Pilgrims. It it wasn't for them we wouldn't have thanksgiving.

Wednesday, November 23, 2011

Happy Thanksgiving!

                      


10 things I am thankful for :
1. My pets, especially my cats..

2. My whole family...







 

 3. Good food (like mac and cheese or fried chicken or red velvet cake or...)


4. Books!



5. Jesus dying for us. 

6. Nature!

7.  School


8. Our house and land

9. Colors! (like pink!)

10. My Blog!

Happy Thanksgiving, everybody! What are you thankful for? Let me know!


Tuesday, November 15, 2011

Applesauce Oat Muffins

Applesauce Cinnamon Oat Muffins Recipe

Applesauce Cinnamon Oat Muffins Recipe We found this really good recipe in Taste of Home and have made them twice in 2 days. They are REALLY good! We discovered that you can add a little extra applesauce to make it moister. Our family made them with Andrew's Clover Kid group and it was super fun! They're almost as yummy as cupcakes, AND they're healthy.
Photo by: Taste of HomePrep: 15 min. Bake: 20 min. + cooling
  • Ingredients
  • 1-1/2 cups quick-cooking oats
  • 1-1/4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 cup packed brown sugar
  • 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • 3/4 teaspoon baking soda
  • 3/4 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 cup unsweetened applesauce
  • 1/2 cup fat-free milk
  • 3 tablespoons canola oil
  • 1 egg white

  • TOPPING:
  • 1/4 cup quick-cooking oats
  • 1 tablespoon brown sugar
  • 1/8 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1 tablespoon butter, melted

Directions

  • In a large bowl, combine the first seven ingredients. In another bowl, combine the applesauce, milk, oil and egg white. Stir into dry ingredients just until moistened. Fill muffin cups coated with cooking spray three-fourths full.
  • Combine topping ingredients; sprinkle over batter. Bake at 400° for 16-18 minutes or until a toothpick comes out clean. Cool for 10 minutes before removing to a wire rack. Yield: 10 muffins.

Nutritional Analysis: One muffin equals 222 calories, 6 g fat (1 g saturated fat), 3 mg cholesterol, 265 mg sodium, 37 g carbohydrate, 2 g fiber, 5 g protein. Diabetic Exchanges: 2 starch, 1 fat, 1/2 fruit.

Rain Poem (by me)

                                    
I found this cool  picture from http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-O1zs4S7xt9M/TaCpZ1t9GLI/AAAAAAAAACM/73KglE7ajlk/s1600/rain-drop.jpg

                                     Rain
                                  
                                      Drip.
                                   Rain is pattering.
                                    Drop.
                                     Rain is clattering.
                                       Ping. 
                                   It is hailing!
                                    Woosh!
                                Wild wind is wailing.
                                   Drip, Drop.
                                       But I am
                                        Zzzzzz
                                     Asleep in bed.    
                                  
                                        

Clara Barton Report

I found this awesome pic of her from http://www.civilwarhome.com/images/barton.jpg
                                             
                                                                Clara Barton
Clara Barton grew up on a farm, so she had plenty of experience in taking care of hurt or wounded animals.This helped her become a famous nurse later in life. But Clara wasn't always famous....

Clara Barton was born near New Oxford, Massachusetts in 1821. In 1833, when she was 12, her older brother David fell off a roof and was badly injured. Clara took care of him, nursing him back to health. She and her mother cooked for him, and she went the hospital with David. The doctor even said that if it wasn't for her, he might have died! This was Clara's first time having a human patient. Usually her patients were farm animals.Later, when Clara was older, she taught school. Since she was short,at first her students did not respect her.

 She was barely older than them. Soon, Clara gained their respect. Although her students were considered "poor","rowdy" "uneducated" and "filthy" by the well-to-do town members, Clara soon proved these thoughts wrong. She not only taught the children, she played with them and visited their families. After teaching for 15 years, she moved to Washington D.C , where she worked at the U.S Patent Office. After living there for 6 years,the Civil war began.Clara Barton begged government officials to let her nurse the sick men on the battlefields. Many would die if they were not doctored. It took too long to get them to hospitals. Finally she obtained permission. Clara became the first woman nurse on an American battlefield She brought comfort to many soldiers. They called her "Clara Barton, Angel of the Battlefield". Clara helped soldiers no matter"what color their uniform was".

After the war, in one of the last letters he ever wrote, President Abraham Lincoln asked her to help find out what happened to the many missing soldiers. To raise money for this project, Clara gave speeches on her life as a war nurse. One day when she went to speak, Clara's mouth opened and no sound came out! The doctor prescribed 3 years of rest in Europe. While in Switzerland, she learned of the Red Cross. She was shocked to find out that America head not signed the Red Cross treaty. She realized how much this would've helped in the Civil War.  A war broke out against Germany and France. Clara victims there, too, but this time she was with the Red Cross.When she returned to America she convinced the president to sign the Red Cross Treaty. She also founded the American Red Cross.Clara helped people until her death in 1912. Her legacy lives on every time a fire, flood, or war victim is helped by the Red Cross. It's all because of Clara Barton, Angel of the Battlefield.

Monday, November 14, 2011

The Voyage of Patience Goodspeed by Heather Vogel Frederick

The Voyage of Patience Goodspeed was a really good book about a girl named Patience and her little brother Thaddeus who join their father, a captain on a Nantucket whaling ship, after their mother's death. Patience learns how to chart their course on a map and to tie knots. She also finds a way to get a cat, even though her father made her leave her fat cat behind. Patience has no idea why she's named Patience, because she certainly isn't patient. Her patience is put to the test when sneaky crew members maroon her father and brother along with most of the loyal members of the crew on a island. Patience stays and is forced to cook for them  and clean the ship, but she finds away to save everyone with the help of some unlikely people... I recommend this book and it's sequel, The Education of Patience Goodspeed, too. They teach about whales, ships, and more. I think you should read these books today!

Monday, November 7, 2011

Family Reunion

We had a family reunion for my mom's side of the family, and it was awesome.I met tons of new friends and some cousins got to spend the night. We got to feed the cows;


 ...and cook! Christopher, Mom, and our cousin Alex made a pizza:.Christopher took these:

I had a great time and I love family reunions! We had Rudy's BBQ for lunch which is one of my fave restaurants, so that was good, too.:-) I always like meeting different family members and this was especially fun because we hadn't seen each other in forever. Everyone was really nice and drove all the way out to the country to see us!The weather was pretty but windy, and I think all of us had a good time. Everyone had an adventure-Mom and Uncle Bob ran into some hogs! Thanks for viewing!

Facebook Costume

For Halloween I was Facebook. Yes, Facebook. You can find how to make one like mine at :http://familyfun.go.com/crafts/face-book-1024870/ . I made mine with help from Dad and wore it to 4 Halloween parties!:-). Basically, we cut a cereal box like a book, wrapped it in wrapping paper,then accordion-folded paper to look like pages and glued it to that. Then we glued a big sheet of paper on top and cut a hole for my head. You're supposed to attach a hat to it, etc., but we punched holes in the top and attached a stretchy headband to it. My middle brother was a scarecrow and my littlest brother wore his train engineer outfit. No scary costumes for us!I liked making my costume better than buying it because I could decide what colors to use and adjust it to size.